Diagnosing prediabetes with the Randox Adiponectin Assay
Talking about diabetes can be tough, but it doesn’t have to be.
This month, we’re joining the conversation on diabetes to help raise awareness of the condition, and importantly, how it can be diagnosed, managed, and even prevented.
Today, our focus is on a lesser-known variant of the chronic illness and one which you may not have heard of – prediabetes.
A third of all adults in the UK have prediabetes and with the UK’s estimated 3.8million diabetics estimated to climb to 5million by 2025 – largely as a result of obesity and the ageing population – it’s more important than ever to check if you’re suffering from this pre-cursor to diabetes.
WHAT IS PREDIABETES?
Illness doesn’t just happen overnight. Over time, your body begins to display symptoms but, often, irregularly has been present for some time. Prediabetes is an early indicator of type 2 diabetes which is characterised by the presence of blood glucose levels that are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be classed as diabetes.
For this reason, prediabetes is often described as the “grey area” between normal blood sugar and diabetic levels. In the UK, around 7 million people are estimated to have prediabetes and thus have a high risk for developing type 2 diabetes.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF PREDIABETES?
93% of the 60 million people with prediabetes globally are unaware they have it. This is because the condition often develops gradually without any warning signs or symptoms. In many cases, the sufferer only learns of their diabetic state once the symptoms of type 2 diabetes start to appear.
TESTING FOR PREDIABETES
Traditional biomarker tests used to diagnose type 2 diabetes include Fasting Plasma Glucose, Oral Glucose Tolerance Test, and HbA1c. However, these cannot be utilised as tests for prediabetes, as beta cell damage has already occurred, and insulin insensitivity is already underway.
Adiponectin, a hormone responsible for regulating glucose metabolism has proven to be a strong predictor of type 2 diabetes at a crucial stage – before it has fully manifested.
Adiponectin’s ability to diagnose prediabetes is due to its relationship with a hazardous type of fat within the body which wraps around internal organs. This visceral fat is particularly dangerous because it can occur even within individuals deemed to have a healthy waist circumference, making them appear deceptively healthy simply because they are slim.
By measuring Adiponectin levels, clinicians can identify someone with high levels of visceral fat and therefore at risk of type 2 diabetes long before they would be identified by tests which measure blood sugar levels.
THE BENEFIT OF A PREDIABETES DIAGNOSIS
Whilst being diagnosed with prediabetes may come as a real shock, it offers a unique opportunity for lifestyle modification and prevention that is often not possible with other illnesses.
And this is because prediabetes is reversible. In fact, up to 80% of all cases of type 2 diabetes are preventable – if detected early. We want to help more and more people understand their health as early as possible so they can take reversible action now when there’s the best chance of a positive outcome.
With this information at your disposal, you can then take the necessary action to stop diabetes in its tracks.
For more information about Adiponectin; please visit https://www.randox.com/adiponectin/
To book the world’s most advanced health check which assess up to 350 different indicators of disease at their very earliest stage, including diabetes, visit www.randoxhealth.com
For further information, please contact Randox PR by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org or phoning 028 9442 2413.
How much do you know about metabolic syndrome?
It is often mistaken for diabetes, but the truth is, metabolic syndrome is a cluster of conditions – including increased blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol. When these occur together, your risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes is increased.
Determining whether or not a patient has metabolic syndrome is a complex process, with basic measurements including height and weight, as well as tests for insulin, leptin (a hunger-suppressing hormone) and adiponectin (a hormone inversely related to dangerous internal fat) factoring in to a comprehensive scientific investigation.
The first step in this investigation is often a test for Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR), which is the rate at which the body consumes calories for basic bodily processes – eg. maintaining internal temperature, repairing cells, pumping blood and powering muscles.
With the results of your Basal Metabolic Rate at hand, the scientific team at Randox Health can then present you with your Metabolic Age, or True Body Age as it is often known, by comparing your best Basal Metabolic Rate to other age groups.
The result is relative to gender, age, height and weight and other lifestyle factors. Increased BMR can be the result of frequent physical exercise, stress, illness, diabetes or hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid gland), whereas decreased BMR can be associated with old age, loss of lean body mass or hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid gland). Certain drugs, for example antidepressants, and menopause, can also affect BMR.
If the age indicated is lower than your actual age, then congratulations! With your healthy living habits, you have managed to shave years off your age. If the result is higher than your actual age, then you may need to increase your exercise levels or review your diet to improve your results.
And therein lies the good news. With changes to diet and exercise, you can prevent or even reverse metabolic syndrome.
And that’s why it’s so important to find out the status of your health at the earliest possible stage – so that you can make the necessary changes to your lifestyle before you develop a more serious condition.
At Randox Health events across the country, including this year’s Randox Health Grand National, our team of scientists are offering free ‘True Body Age’ results on their Body Composition Analysis machine, which assesses 25 different areas of your body. It takes measurements including ratio of muscle to fat, bone density, hidden visceral fat and cellular hydration levels.
In its measurement of Basal Metabolic Rate the BCA machine will give challengers their True Body Age, which can be a great way to kickstart your health improvement journey.
It is however, only the first step in obtaining a comprehensive understanding of your current health, and determining the conditions of which you are personally at risk of developing in the future.
Randox Health goes beyond standard testing – offering the world’s most comprehensive and personalised health check. Following your initial Body Composition Analysis and True Body Age reading, our scientific experts will then analyse up to 350 different results from a blood sample you provide. Armed with the knowledge of your results, you can truly take control of your health and make a change to improve your future wellbeing.
Phone the Randox Health team today to make a booking: 0800 2545 130
Or join us at the Randox Health Grand National for a FREE Body Composition Analysis which will tell you your True Body Age.